Chifeng Wind Power Project
Located in Chifeng City in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of The People’s Republic of China, the wind power project delivers zero-emissions renewable electricity to China’s Northeast Power Grid. The project is validated and verified to the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) and has also registered and issued credits with the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
The wind farm consists of 25 Vestas 2MW turbines with a total capacity of 50 MW which generate approximately 130,000 MWh of clean renewable electricity annually. This reduces CO2 emissions by displacing electricity which would have otherwise been drawn primarily from fossil fuel power stations; subsequently, the project generates 150,000 tonnes of emissions reduction on average per year.
The wind farm has contributed to the local economy and livelihood of residents through the creation of jobs – approximately 20 employees are currently working in full time operational roles while an additional 200 were required during the construction period. The project also improves the overall local air quality as it does not incur the environmental pollution (such as sulphur dioxide) or solid waste problems associated with coal-fired power plants.
China is a developing economy that still has significant hurdles to overcome. Nearly 15% of the population lives below the poverty line and around 400 million people live on less than $2 a day. The country also ranks 101 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index – a comparative global measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living and quality of life.
The Inner Mongolia Region, located in the north of the country, has shaped the development of industry and the national economy due to its abundance of resources such as coal, natural gas and rare earth metals. The primary industries in Inner Mongolia are energy, chemicals, metallurgy,equipment manufacturing, and agriculture.
The city of Chifeng is located in the southeast of Inner Mongolia around 400km northeast of Beijing. Its economy is similarly dominated by minerals, energy, and an increasingly industrialised agricultural and animal husbandry sector for food processing. Chifeng has become the base for agricultural industry of the eastern part of Inner Mongolia with much of the surrounding land under cultivation. Large local coal deposits have stimulated the growth of coal mining and subsequent electric power generation.